Components of computer networking

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Components of computer networking

The Computer Networking Components” means, the Components are required to do the “Computer Networking” in your Computer. At first, you need some Computers to do the Computer Networking. Then, you need some “Computer Components” to be connected to each other with the “Computer Networking Components” in your Computer. Without “Computer Networking Components”, your can not establish a “Computer Networking” for your Computers. You should collect the “Computer Networking Components” from different sources and connect to each other with the “Computer Networking Components” in your Computer.

 

Components of computer networking

 

a) Network interface card or Network adapter

Components of computer networking

“Network Interface Card” is an Expandable Board just like as Sound Card, Video Card in your Computer. Usually, “Network Interface Card” will be attached to the “Null Slot” of the “Computer Motherboard” and your Computer will be compatible for doing the “Computer Networking” in your Computer. Usually, “Computer Networking” uses the “Motherboard PCI Slot” and contains the “Networking Features” for doing the “Computer Networking” in your Computer. “Computer Networking Adapter” or “Network Interface Card” helps to connect your all Computers.

 

For example- “ROM” of “Network Card Hardware Address” helps you to identify individually to the “Computer Networking”. This “Network Card Hardware Address” is given by the “Manufacturer Company” and this “Network Card Hardware Address” is very individual. That means, one Computer “Network Card Hardware Address” will not be similar to the other Computer “Network Card Hardware Address” for doing the “Computer Networking”.

 

b) Network media

Components of computer networking

“Network Media” refers to Cable, Telephone Wire, Wireless Link etc. These “Network Media” will connect your all Computers and Devices for doing “Computer Networking” in your Computer.

c) Network operating system

Components of computer networking

You need a “Network Operating System” will help you to connect all Computers to each others perfectly.

 

For example- Windows 95, 98, Windows ME, Windows NT, Windows 2000, Windows XP, Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows Server 2003, Windows 2008 etc.

 

d) Network hub

Components of computer networking

“Network Hub” creates interaction with Computer and Device for “Transferring Data” to the Computer Network in “Star Topology”. All “Computer Network’s Twisted Pair Cable” attach to this “Network Hub”. The “Network Hub” attachment Cable quantity depends on the “Network Hub Port”. Usually, you can buy 4 Port, 8 Port, 16 Port, 32 Port “Network Hub” from the “Computer Shop”. Here, “4 Port Hub” means, you can connect 4 pieces of Computers and Devices will be connected at a time. If you want much more “Network Ports, that time, you can attach the “Network Hubs” to each others to get many “Network Ports” for doing the “Computer Networking”. Usually, you need an individual “Power Supply” for using the “Network Hub”. You can understand the situation by seeing the “Indicator” of “Network Hub”. “Network Hub Transmission Speed” is different one to another “Network Hub Devices”.

 

For example- 10 mbps, 10 mbps, 10/100 mbps (It can be configured automatically or manually).

 

e) Networking cable

Components of computer networking

“Computer Networking Cable” helps you to connect Computer and other Devices to each other for doing the “Computer Networking” in your Computer. Usually, “Co-axial Cable” and “Twisted Pair Cable” are used for doing the “Computer Networking” in the Computer.

 

For example- Usually, “Dish Antenna Connection Cable” is the “Co-axial Cable” and “Telephone Line Connection Cable” is the “Twisted Pair Cable”.

 

There are some specific “Canle Names” for doing the “Computer Networking” in your Computer. They are given below-

 

          i) 10 base 2

- It uses the “Co-axial Cable”.
- Its “Transmission Speed” is 10 mbps (Mega Bit Per Second).
- Computer and other Devices are connected to each other with this Cable in the same “Networking Line”. That means, “Bus Topology” and “Ring Topology” use this “Network Cable”.

          ii) 10 base T

- It uses the “Twisted Pair Cable”.
- Its “Transmission Speed” is 10 mbps (Mega Bit Per Second).
- Usually it uses the “Network Hub”. That means, “Star Topology” use this “Network Cable”.

          iii) 100 base T

- It uses the “Twisted Pair Cable”.
- Its “Transmission Speed” is 100 mbps (Mega Bit Per Second).
- Usually it uses the “Network Hub”. That means, “Star Topology” use this “Network Cable”.

f) Connector

Components of computer networking

“Network Interface Card” or “Network Hub” is connected with the “Network Cable Head” by using “Connector”.

 

          i) T connector

It is like a “T” of “English Alphabet” and used with the “Co-axial Cable”. It is also used to the “BNC Port” of “Network Interface Card”. You have to use the “Terminal” to do its connection perfectly.

          ii) RJ45 connector

It is like the “Telephone Line Connector RJ11”. Its size is big. It can connect “8 Cable Lines” at a time. It is used to the “Network Interface Card RJ45 Connector Port”. It also used to the “Network Hub”. You can buy this “Connectors” individually from the “Computer Shop”.

g) Network crimping tool

Components of computer networking

You have to use the “Network Crimping Tool” to attach the “Connector” with the “Network Cable Head”. Then, you can use it to the “Networking Port” for doing “Computer Network”.

You may also like-
Definition of computer network, Types of broadband internet connection system, Reasons to create computer networking, Types of computer network, Types of network topology, Definition of bandwidth

 

Requirements

 

1. Computer User

2. Computer

3. Network Interface Card or Network Adapter

4. Network Media (Cable, Telephone Wire, Wireless Link etc.)

5. Computer Network Operating System (Windows 95, 98, Windows ME, Windows NT, Windows 2000, Windows XP, Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows Server 2003, Windows 2008 etc.)

6. Computer Network Hub

7. Computer Networking Cable (10 base 2, 10 base T, 100 base T etc.)

8. Connector

9. Network Crimping Tool

 

Tips

 

a) You should collect all “Computer Networking Components” to do
“Computer Networking”

b) You should connect all “Computer Networking Components” to each
other to do “Computer Networking” perfectly.

In this way, you can understand about Definition of Computer Networking Components, Components of computer networking, Requirements and Tips for your “Computer Networking” in your Computer.

 

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